Previous appointments:

Department of Botany, University of Calcutta 1977-1981

Division of Developmental Biology, Harvard University 1990

Bhabha Atomic Research Center, Trombay, Bombay 1991

Hungary Academy of Sciences, Szeged, Hungary 1996

Czech Republic Academy of  Sciences, Olomoch, Ceske Budejovice and Prague 2002

Research interests:

1.      To unravel molecular mechanisms of MYMIV- resistance in Vigna mungo through genomic and proteomic approach.

2.      To identify regulating genes that govern unique flowering behaviour in tree bamboo.



Address: Division of Plant Biology
Centenary Campus
Bose Institute
P-1/12 C.I.T. Scheme VII-M
Kolkata - 700054, India
E-Mail: amita[at]
Phone: +91-33-25693219



Total Publications: 111

Publications in peer reviewed Journals: 89

Book Chapters:  Thirteen (International: National 4: 9)

Invited Reviews: Four

Papers in peer reviewed Proceedings of International Conference: Three

Paper in Proceeding of National Conference: Two

Nucleotide sequences registered in NCBI GenBank :54

ESTs registered to NCBI DbESTs: 570

6 protein sequences registered in PDB database, 109 proteomes are reported In PRIDE database

18 miRNAs submitted in miRbase, detected from Vigna unguiculata under salt stress.


Submission of transcriptome data in Sequence Read Archive (SRA), NCBI

PRJNA288413 (SRP060420)

        i.            Transcriptome Data of Vignamungo Cv. T9 infected with MYMIV (Accession - SRX1058327)

      ii.            Transcriptome Library of Mock InnoculatedVignamungo cultivar T9 (Accession- SRX1058325)

    iii.            Transcriptome Library of mock inoculated Vignamungo RIL VM84 (Accession- SRX1032950)

    iv.            Transcriptome Library of Vignamungo RIL VM84 infected with MYMIV (Accession- SRX1082731)

      v.            Transcriptome Library from leaves of Vignamungo cultivar T9 (Accession: SRX1558530)

Total Publications in peer reviewed Journals: 90

Selected publications:

1.      Kundu A, Paul S, Dey A and Pal A (2017) High throughput sequencing reveals modulation of microRNAs in Vigna mungo upon Mungbean Yellow Mosaic India Virus inoculation highlighting stress regulation. Plant Science, 257: 96–105, DOI:10.1016/j.plantsci.2017.01.016

2.      Ghosh J S, Bhattacharya S and Pal A. (2017) Molecular phylogeny of 21 tropical bamboo species reconstructed by integrating non-coding internal transcribed spacer (ITS1 and 2) sequences and their consensus secondary structure. Genetica DOI: 10.1007/s10709-017-9967-9

3.       Biswas P, Chakraborty S, Dutta S, Pal A, Das M (2016) Bamboo flowering from the perspective of comparative genomics and transcriptomics. Perspective, Front. Plant Sci. 7:1900.doi: 10.3389/fpls.2016.01900.

4.       Patel A, Maiti S., Kumar S, Ganguli S and Pal A (2016) An integrated approach to comprehend MYMIV-susceptibility of blackgram Cv.T9 possessing allele of CYR1, the cognate R-gene. Amer J Plant Sciences 7:267-278

5.      Ganguli S, Dey A, Banik R, Kundu A and Pal A. (2016) Analyses of MYMIV-induced transcriptome in Vigna mungo as revealed by next generation sequencing. Genomics Data 7: 226–228doi: 10.1016/j.gdata.2016.01.005

6.      Kundu A, Patel A, Paul S and Pal A (2015). Transcript dynamics at early stages of molecular interactions of MYMIV with resistant and susceptible genotypes of the leguminous host, Vigna mungo. PLOS One DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0124687 April 17, 2015. 

7.      Maiti S, Patra S, Pal A and Dey N (2015) Identification of a novel salicylic acid inducible endogenous plant promoter regulating expression of CYR1, a CC-NB-LRR type candidate disease resistance gene in Vigna mungo. Plant Cell Tissue Organ culture120:489-505;DOI 10.1007/s11240-014-0616-z 

8.      Ghosh S and Pal A (2014) Abscisic acid, one of the key determinants of in vitro shoot differentiation from cotyledons of Vigna radiata. American Journal of Plant Sciences.5:704-713.

9.      Paul S, Kundu A and Pal A (2014) Identification and expression profiling of Vigna mungo microRNAs from small RNA transcriptome by deep sequencing. Journal of Integrative Plant Biology.56:15-23 (IF=3.335).

10.  Ghosh JS, Chaudhuri S, Dey N and Pal A (2013) Functional characterization of a serine-threonine protein kinase from Bambusa balcooa that implicates in cellulose overproduction and superior quality fiber formation. BMC Plant Biology13:128. DOI: 10.1186/1471-2229-13-128 (IF=3.94).

11.  Kundu A, Patel A and Pal A (2013) Defining reference genes for qPCR normalization to study biotic and abiotic stress responses in Vigna mungo. Plant Cell Reports 32 (10): 1647-1658

12.  Ghosh S and Pal A (2013) Proteomic analysis of cotyledonary explants during shoot organogenesis in Vigna radiata. Plant Cell Tiss & Organ Cult. 115: 55-68. DOI: 10.1007/s11240-013-0340-0

13.  Kundu S, Chakraborty D, Kundu A and Pal A (2013) Proteomics approach combined with biochemical attributes to elucidate compatible and incompatible plant-virus interactions between Vigna mungo and Mungbean Yellow Mosaic India Virus. BMC Proteome Science11:15  

14.  Kundu S, Chakraborty D, Das K and Pal A (2013) An efficient in-gel digestion protocol for mass spectral analysis by MALDI-TOF-MS and MS/MS and its use for proteomic analysis of leaves of Vigna mungo. Plant Molecular Biology Reporter 31:47-54 DOI: 10.1007/s11105-012-0475-x.

15.  Kundu A and Pal A (2012) Identification and characterization of elite inbred lines with MYMIV-resistance in Vigna mungo. Field Crops Research 135:116-125.

16.  Ghosh S and Pal A (2012) Identification and functional characterization of differential proteins of mungbean cotyledons during seed germination: A proteomic approach. Acta Physiologie Plantarum 34: 2379-2391. DOI 10.1007/s11738-012-1042-7  

17.  Maiti S, Paul S and Pal A (2012) Isolation, characterization and structure analysis of a non-TIR-NBS-LRR encoding candidate gene from MYMIV-resistant Vigna mungo. Molecular Biotechnology 52: 217-233. DOI: 10.1007/s12033-011-9488-1

18.  Maiti S, Chakraborty D, Kundu S, Paul S, Sengupta S and Pal A(2011) Developmentally regulated temporal expression and differential acid invertase activity in differentiating cotyledonary explants of mungbean [Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek]. Plant Cell, Tissue & Organ Culture107: 417-425, DOI:10.1007/s11240-011-9992-9  

19.   Rai V, Ghosh J S, Pal A and Dey N. (2011) Identification of genes involved in bamboo fiber development. Gene 478:19-22. DOI: 10.1016/j.gene.2011.01.004.

20.  Paul S, Kundu A and Pal A (2011) Identification, validation of conserved microRNAs along with their differential expression in roots of Vigna unguiculata grown under salt stress. Plant Cell Tissue & Organ Culture. 105: 133-142. DOI 10.1007/s11240-010-9857-7

21.  Kundu S, Chakraborty D and Pal A (2011) Salicylic acid induced resistance to Mungbean Yellow Mosaic India Virus in Vigna mungo: Biochemical and proteomic analyses. J. of  Proteomics 74 (3): 337-349. DOI: 10.1016/j.jprot.2010.11.012  

22.  Maiti S, Kundu A, Basak J, Kundagrami S and Pal A (2010) Molecular marker-assisted genotyping of Mungbean Yellow Mosaic India Virus resistant germplasms of mungbean and urdbean. Molecular Biotechnology. 47:95-104. DOI: 10.1007/s12033-010-9314-1

23.  Bhattacharya S, Ghosh J S, Sahoo D K, Dey N and Pal A (2010) Screening of superior fiber-quality-traits among wild accessions of Bambusa balcooa: Efficient and non-invasive evaluation of fiber developmental stages. Annals of Forest Science 67 (6): 611.9, DOI: 10.1051/forest/2010024   

24.  Bhattacharya S, Das M, Ghosh J S and Pal A (2009) Morphological and molecular characterization of Thamnocalamus spathiflorus subsp. Spathiflorus at population level. Plant Systematics and Evolution 282:13-20. DOI: 10.1007/s00606-008-0092-1. 

25.  Bhattacharjee S, Gupta G, Bhattacharya P, Mukherjee A, Bhattacharyya Majumdar S, Pal A, Majumdar S (2009) Quassin alters the immunological patterns of murine macrophages through generation of nitric oxide to exert antileishmanial activity. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy 63:317-324. 

26.  Chattopadhyaya R and Pal A (2008) Three-dimensional Models of NB-ARC Domains of Disease Resistance Proteins in Tomato, Arabidopsis, and Flax. Journal of Biomolecular Structure & Dynamics, 25 (4): 357-372.  

27.   Pal A,Chakrabarti A and Basak J (2007) New motifs within the NB-ARC domain of R proteins: Probable mechanisms of integration of geminiviral signatures within the host species of Fabaceae family and implications in conferring disease resistance. J. Theoretical Biology. 246:564-573. doi:10.1016/j.jtbi.2007.01.013

28.  Bhattacharya S, Das M, Bar R and Pal A (2006) Morphological and molecular characterization of Bambusa tulda Roxb. with a note on flowering. Annals of Botany, 98(3):529-535. 

29.  Das S, Sengupta DN and Pal A (2006) Differential protein pattern of two cotyledon explants of Vigna radiata during induced in vitro differentiation: Probable implication in the conundrum of differential regeneration response. J. Plant Biochem. & Biotech.15: 123-129.  

30.   Das M, Bhattacharya S and Pal A (2005) Generation and Characterization of SCARs by Cloning and Sequencing of RAPD Products: A Strategy for Species-specific Marker Development in Bamboo. Annals of Botany 95: 835-841.

31.  Das M and Pal A (2005) In vitro regeneration of Bambusa balcooa Roxb.: Factors affecting changes of morphogenetic competence in the axillary buds. Plant Cell Tissue and Organ Culture 81:109-112

32.  Basak J, Kundagramy S, Ghose T K and Pal A (2005) Development of yellow mosaic virus (YMV) resistance linked DNA-marker in Vigna mungo from population segregating for YMV reaction. Molecular Breeding14: 375-383.

33.  Das S and Pal A (2003) Differential DNA endoreduplication and protein profile during cotyledon ontogeny of Vigna radiata. J. Plant Biochem. & Biotech. 12: 11-18.

34.   Chandra M and Pal A (1995) Differential response of the two cotyledons of Vigna radiata in vitro. Plant Cell Rep. 15 : 248- 253.

35.  Dhar K and Pal A (1993). Factors influencing efficient pyrethrin production in undifferentiated cultures of Chrysanthemum cinerariaefolium Vis. Fitoterapia LXIV: 336- 340.

36.   Sarker K and Pal A (1991). Factors affecting stability in pyrethrin production   in   cultures of Chrysanthemum cinerariaefolium Vis. Acta Botanica Indica 19: 248-251.

37.  Roy A and Pal  A (1991). Propagation of Costus speciosus through in vitro rhizome propagation. Plant Cell Rep. 10 : 525-528.

38.  Pal A and Roy A (1991). Embryo culture of Costus speciosus  (Koen.)   Sm.  to  regenerate  variable  diosgenin  yielding clones. Plant Cell Rep. 10: 565-568.

39.  Pal M, Roychowdhury A, Pal A and Biswas S (1990) A novel tubulin from Mimosa pudica. Purification and Characterization. Eur. J. Biochem. 192: 329-335.


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  • Young Scientists Medal by the Indian National Science Academy, New Delhi, India, 1979
  • Cash award by the Kothari Scientific Research Institute, for scientific contributions , 1979
  • Biotechnology National Associateship Award , 1989-1990.
  • Nominated by the Indian National Science Academy and Hungarian Science Academy under Scientist Exchange Programme , 1996
  • Nominated by the Indian National Science Academy and Academy of Science, Czech Republic Scientist Exchange Programme , 2002
  • Expert Member, NISCAIR (National Institute of Science Communication and Information Resources), CSIR for the dissemination of Scientific Information , 2007-2009
  • Elected member of the Plant Tissue Culture Association of India , 2004
  • Fellow of the National Science Academy, India, Allahabad , 2005
  • Fellow of the West-Bengal Academy of Science & Technology , 2014
  • S.C. Datta memmorial Award, 2016



     i.       Practical classes of M.Sc. in Cytology and Genetics in the Department of Botany, University of Calcutta - 1973 to 1975.

   ii.       Pre- doctoral course work, Bose Institute, Kolkata, India: More than 20 years.

 iii.       Post -doctoral course work, Bose Institute, Kolkata, India: ~ 7 years.

 iv.       M.Sc. in Biotechnology, Nagarjuna University, Andhra Pradesh, India, as guest faculty for the year 1998 and 1999.

   v.       Plant Biotechnology, for the M.Sc. students of B.C. Guha Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, Calcutta University, Kolkata, India, as guest professor since 1999 to 2004.

 vi.       Post-graduate classes for the M.Sc. in the Genetics Department, University of Calcutta since 2003 to 2014.

 vii.       Post-graduate classes for the special paper in Genetics to Genomics since 2010 to 2015, Department of Botany, University of Calcutta.

 viii.       Post-graduate classes for M.Sc. students in Genomics at the Bethune College, University of Calcutta, 2011.

 ix.       Post-graduate classes for the M.Sc.-PhD integrated courses at the Bose Institute since 2007-2011.

   x.       Several refresher courses for college teachers at different Universities.

 xi.       Genetics curriculum for M.Sc.-PhD integrated courses in Life Sciences at the Bose Institute.




Image Name Designation Department Campus Contact number Email
profile image Anamika Pal Junior Research Fellow Division of Plant Biology Centenary 25693262


Present Scholar:

Pankaj Kumar Singh

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